Canadian Health Care the Best
Canadian health care is one of the areas that the state is proud of. The Canadian health system is funded by the state and is best described as a system of insurance and health plans for ten provinces and three territories. This system is known as Medicare and provides free or almost free medical care to all Canadian citizens.
Such a structure was developed because medical care is in the office of local, provincial authorities, not the federal government.
Health systems of each province or territory are linked by unified principles, which are established at the national level. Management and provision of health services is the area of responsibility of each individual province or territory. The provinces or territories plan, finance and assess the provision of hospital care, the services of therapists and other specialists, and certain medicines.
Medical Care for Special Groups of Canadians
The role of the federal government in the health care system is limited to establishing and adhering to the general principle of Medicare, the partial financing of provincial or territorial medical programs and the performance of other functions specified in the Canadian Constitution. One such function is direct medical care for special groups of Canadian citizens, which include veterans, native inhabitants of Canada, residing in reservations, military and civil servants of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Other functions are the prevention and protection of public health and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle.
The Canadian health system is mainly based on primary care physicians, who make up about 51% of all practicing therapists in Canada. They are the transmission link between the patient and the formal health care system, and control access to most specialist doctors, hospital care, diagnostic tests and prescription drugs. Such a family doctor can be changed an unlimited number of times on the advice of acquaintances and change of mood. In Canada, however, there is no “public medicine” system, where doctors work directly on the government structure. Most doctors have their own private practice and enjoy a high degree of autonomy.
Statistics Proves Effectiveness of Canadian Health Care
The Canadian health system does not have such a rich history as the European one, but it is considered one of the most developed. An important indicator of the successful development of this system is the health indicators of the population.
The father of the Canadian health system is Tommy Douglas, who in 1944-1961 was the prime minister of Saskatchewan. In 2004, he was named by the Canadians themselves “The greatest Canadian of all times”.
The life expectancy of Canadians is 78.6 years (81.4 years for women and 75.8 years for men), which is one of the highest among developed countries. The infant mortality rate in 1996 was 5.6 per 1,000 live births, one of the lowest in the world.
In contrast to the US and some other highly developed countries, medical services in Canada are conditionally free, which makes them available to all residents of this country.
The modern health care system in Canada is governed by the 1984 Canadian Health Act of 1984. Under this Act, Canadian health care, in the vast majority of cases, is funded by the state. That is, for residents of Canada, it is free, with the exception of some spheres. Such as dentistry, ophthalmology, cosmetology and others. However, the residents of the country pay their medical expenses as a part of taxes paid annually to the budget of Canada. Canadians are by right proud of their health care and its accessibility to every resident of the country.
Canadian Health Care Insurance
State health insurance covers all basic medical services, tests and studies, so that a person is sure that he is healthy. Even in serious cases, most services are covered by insurance and are free of charge for patients, including expensive medicines. If you need to take medication on an outpatient basis, most patients pay for them on their own. Most medicines can be purchased only on prescription, which can be received in online drugstores as well. In addition, insurance does not cover the services of dentists (except for urgent surgical interventions), oculists, most reproductive technologies, although for this purpose there are benefits in many public and private companies that can significantly reduce the cost of the treatment.